Contraception

Contraception, also known as birth control is used to prevent pregnancy. Some women use some methods such as the pill for health benefits like regulating periods. The types of contraceptives people use varies as everyone is different.

Most types of contraceptives work by:

  1. preventing an egg from being released every month (hormones)
  2. preventing sperms from reaching the egg (barrier and some IUD methods)
  3. blocking the reproductive function – in men or women (sterilisation)
  4. preventing a fertilised egg from implanting in the uterus (hormones)

The Pill (91% Typical Use – 99% Perfect Use)

The​ Pill is the most popular type of contraception. It works by producing synthetic hormones to prevent ovulation. The Pill is taken by the female everyday as directed. There are many different brands of the pill to suit different needs. There are 2 main types of pill :combined and progesterone only pill.

The Male Condom (79-82%)

A (usually latex ) sheath that is put on the males penis to prevent sperm entering the female. Condoms also protect from STDS. Condoms are the only form of birth control that prevent against STDS.

The Diaphragm (88% Typical use – 92-96% Perfect use)

A​ rubber dome that is manually placed into the female’s cervix. Often accompanied with spermicide.

The Intrauterine Device (IUD) (99%)

This device is inserted into the uterus by a doctor. There are 2 main types of IUDs. Copper IUDs prevent pregnancy by changing the way sperm cells move so they can’t get to an egg. Hormonal IUDs thin the lining of the womb, are a barrier to implantation and prevent sperm reaching the egg.These devices can last from 3 to 10 years. They can be easily removed by a nurse or doctor.

The Contraceptive Implant (99%)

The implant is the most effective form of contraception of all. The implant is a small plastic rod placed into the female’s upper arm by a nurse or doctor. It produces the hormone progesterone and lasts up to 3 years.

Contraceptive Injections ( 94% Typical Use – 99% Perfect Use)

This is an progesterone injection given by a health care provider that ceases ovulation. It must be injected every 2-3 months

The Patch (91% Typical Use – Perfect Use 99%)

This patch is attached to your upper arm or back to produce anti-ovulation hormones. It is placed on for 3 weeks and then taken off the week of your period.

The Vaginal Ring (91% Typical Use – 99% Perfect Use)

Every month a flexible ring is inserted into the vagina. This ring releases the same hormones as the pill. It must be taken out after 3 weeks and replaced by a new one after your period.


Sterilisation (99%)

This is a permanent procedure where the males vas deferens or the female’s fallopian tubes are cut and tied so the egg and sperm cannot meet.

Natural Family Planning (76%)

This is a natural way of determining when you are fertile and infertile using no devices or hormones. This can be determined in many ways eg Basal body temperature method, cervical mucus tracking or the calendar tracking method. It is important that if you do not want to become pregnant to use another method of birth control during your fertile period.

Breast feeding mothers should remember that contraception is still needed to prevent pregnancy.

If you are unsure what contraceptive is for you, visit your GP.