Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a painful disorder in which the tissue that lining of the uterus, is present in other areas eg ovaries, fallopian tubes, pelvis.
Sometimes this tissue can grow outside the pelvic area. The problem arises as the lining acts regularly no matter where it grows. this becomes problematic as it may not have a way to excrete the lining in the way the uterus would through menstruation. The tissue can become irritated or even scarred. Endometriosis can affect 3-10% of women.

Symptoms of Endometriosis
Painful periods – can last for over several days Painful sexual intercourse – during or after intercourse Infertility – endometriosis is common with women who find it hard to get pregnant Irregular bleeding – heavy periods or bleeding between periods Fatigue, nausea and constipation

Causes
Causes can include retrograde menstruation which occurs when a woman has her period and some of the tissue travels back through fallopian tubes and into the abdominal cavity. It can also be caused by the uterus lining cells travel through the lymphatic system to other parts of the body.

Complications
One third to one half of women with endometriosis find it difficult to get pregnant as the abnormal lining that may grow in the fallopian tube could block the sperm meeting the egg. It is often advised to not prolong having children if you have this condition as it can worsen with time. Ovarian Cancer, although is relatively low in general, it is a little bit higher for women with endometriosis.
For treatment, Do not hesitate to contact your GP who will recommend the best treatment for you.