Pregnancy is defined of carrying an embryo/fetus in the female body. Pregnancy can be a wonderful time for a family, but also can come with a lot of difficulties. It is important to keep up to date with your baby with whats happening as well as your own health.
Week 1-12. During this trimester your body undergoes serious changes inside and out. You may experience nausea and vomiting (morning sickness), weight gain, headaches, heart burn, mood swings and constipation. Lots of these discomforts go away as the pregnancy progresses but it is different for every woman. It is important to keep a log book of your symptoms and changes for your GP as the first trimester is a delicate time for both mother and baby.
Week 13-28. You may notice some of the changes from the first trimester begin to subside. In this trimester youwill notice your abdomanal area expanding and may even feel the baby move towards the end. You may expereince swelling on the ankles and hands. Yo umay notice discolouration or darker patches of skin around your nipple area or even on your face.
Week 29-40. In the last trimester some of the discomforts from before may continue. As pressure is placed on your bladder you may find you need to go to the toilet more. Tender breasts or leaking from your nipples is completely normal but may be uncomfortable. You may experience contractions (these can be real or false) but must be watched out for coming up to the final countdown!
Healthy Pregnancy Guidelines
It is important whilst you are pregnant to be extra careful about your lifestyle for the health of your baby. Here are some guidelines to follow
- You are not eating for two during the first 6 months of pregnancy so it is important not to over eat. Fill your diet with omega 3 fatty acids, vitamin D and calcium eg fish
- Fill up on brown carbohydrates to give you energy but also to prevent constipation
- It is important to take a supplement of folic acid in the first trimester of your pregnancy to prevent neural tube defects in your baby.
- Food hygiene must be taken into consideration. Foods like unpasteurised milk, soft cheeses, shellfish, fast food or pate must be avoided to avoid any times of food poisoning.
- Keeping a good exercise routine is important to keep the mothers joints and muscles active. It is also easier for the woman to bounce back from pregnancy and loose any unwanted weight after the baby is born. It also helps avoid high blood pressure which is a common result of pregnancy.
- Cutting out smoking and alcohol is also strongly advised whilst pregnant.